Extruded Disc

An extruded disc is a type of herniation within the spine, and it causes intense back pain to occur. In some cases, the pain may be mild and stiffness is often seen with this level of pain, but sometimes the pain can get so severe that the patient may be unable to take part in their daily life, to the point that they miss work and have other negative effects. While this condition can be difficult to tolerate, there are different solutions available that can help those suffering with pain from an extruded disc.

Facts about an Extruded Disc

  • Back pain due to different conditions regarding the discs is the most common reason that people miss work.
  • The lower back, or lumbar, is the most common area for extruded discs because of the torque and stress put on it throughout the day.
  • Disc-related back pain is the most common reason that patients seek of professional medical care.
  • There are several types of disc conditions that can occur, but an extruded disc is known to be one of the most painful conditions.


When an extruded disc occurs, the condition can cause stiffness to be present within various areas of the back. Within the early stages, stiffness is often the first sign that presents itself, but as the condition progresses, pain will begin to occur within the legs, and is known to be a radiating pain that occurs with little notice. If the material from the disc makes it way to the spinal canal, it can cause the small bones that make up the spine to rupture, leading to pain that is severe, and this can leave the patient unable to move.

Another common symptom seen with this condition is severe nerve pain, which isn’t released with medication taken over the counter or prescription medications. As the condition progresses, the pain may be accompanied by a tingling sensation that occurs throughout the lower areas of the back and within the neck.

Diagnostic Testing

Like many other conditions that occur within the discs, a physical examination is often the first method of testing. The physician providing you with care will use pressure to determine if there is pain within localized areas, and he will also use a visual examination to see if there are any external signs of the condition, such as inflamed areas of the skin.

If your physician suspects that you have an extruded disc, he will use an X-ray to confirm it. The use of an X-ray is common, because it’s the only traditional medical imaging device that is able to detect issues with a disc.


Other than natural degeneration from aging, extruded discs can occur from a severe strain on the back. As we age, the vertebras within the spine can begin to degenerate, and this can occur early in life. While degeneration of the discs in common while in your early 30s due to the body’s natural aging process, certain lifestyle habits can cause degeneration to occur early in the disease process. For example, those who do not take good care of their health may see disc degeneration, and some habits, such as smoking cigarettes, make this condition more common.


To prevent such disc injury, proper posture in recommended. In many cases, taking preventative measures to prevent further damage will allow the back to heal, and enable the disc to correct itself without the need for surgery. However, if the disc does not begin to heal within a 6 to 12 months time frame, your doctor may suggest that you have a microdiscoctomy surgery, which is one of the least invasive surgeries, and is done by putting the disc back into its proper location.

After surgery is complete, you may need to have physical therapy in order to prevent issues from occurring in the future and allow the healing process to progress. Before or after a surgical procedure, at home methods can be used to relieve pain that is experienced in the area. For example, the use of a medical grade cream applied to the source, along with hot or cold compresses, are two methods that can provide you with effective at home pain relief. Medications may also be prescribed to keep inflammation down, and prevent further degeneration of the discs.

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